The normal adult body has 32 teeth, each one having a specific name and use. They are the hardest substance in the human body and play their most important roles in chewing and talking. Your teeth are subjected to so many different elements throughout the day, so it’s no wonder they require diligent cleaning and routine maintenance. Here is a list of the most common problems that can occur to teeth:
Probably the most commonly heard dental term, cavities are what you get from tooth decay. The bacteria in your mouth turn foods that linger on your teeth into acids that form plaque. These acids will dissolve the enamel of your tooth and create little holes, and these holes are called cavities.
Generally referred to as gum or periodontal disease, periodontitis is bacteria growth in your mouth that is destructive to the gums surrounding your tooth. If not treated properly, tooth loss could occur.
Usually a predecessor to periodontitis, gingivitis is the early stages of bacterial plaque build up, causing your gums to become inflamed and easily bleed while brushing.
Plaque is a sticky film made of bacteria that develop quickly after eating sugary foods. Plaque can be easily brushed off but will often develop around hard to reach places. To prevent plaque from building up, floss and brush regularly with fluoride-containing toothpaste.
Tartar is what happens when plaque is not removed. The plaque mixes with minerals in your mouth to become much harder and usually requires professional cleaning to remove. Tartar will eventually turn into tooth decay.
Teeth Grinding (or Bruxism)
Usually occurring during sleep – teeth grinding is induced by stress, anxiety, or sleep disorders. It happens to most people at some point, but when done on a regular basis, damage to teeth and other oral health complications can occur.
Tooth sensitivity is when your tooth becomes extra sensitive to hot or cold food and drink. This is usually the result of the dentin in your tooth being exposed, causing sharp and sudden pains running deep into your nerve endings.
All of these can be treated, while good oral hygiene will drastically reduce the chance of them occurring. Routine check ups are highly recommended to catch and treat these issues before they grow. Professional Teeth cleaning will do wonders for the longevity of your teeth, plus it feels great to have a clean and healthy smile!